Endometriosis (or you may hear it referred to as endo) is a common condition that affects about one in 10 women. It is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of endometrium, which normally lines the uterus, is found in abnormal sites around the body. Most often though, endometriosis is found in the pelvis. These deposits can cause a number of symptoms such as pelvic pain and infertility.
Common symptoms of Endometriosis
Pain that stops you on or around your period.
Pain on or around ovulation.
Pain during or after sex.
Pain with bowel movements.
Pain when you urinate.
Pain in your pelvic region, lower back or legs.
Having trouble holding on when you have a full bladder or having to go frequently.
Heavy bleeding or irregular bleeding.
How is a diagnosis made?
The only way that the diagnosis of endometriosis can be made is to undergo a laparoscopy and have a biopsy (tissue sample) taken. A laparoscopy is a surgical procedure, performed under a general anaesthetic where a thin telescope is placed into the umbilicus (belly button). This allows your doctor to see inside your abdomen and assess the organs of the pelvis and abdomen. A laparoscopy can magnify the tissues and even small amounts of disease can be seen. Tissue that is thought to contain endometriosis is removed at the time of the laparoscopy and sent to the pathologist to be viewed under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis.
Can diet help?
Whilst there is no diet that will cure endometriosis, there is some evidence that certain foods can affect prostaglandin metabolism, oestrogen activity, and inflammation which are factors in endometriosis and therefore may be beneficial alongside traditional treatment to assist women with endometriosis to manage their symptoms.
Our friends at Sprout Health Studio have created a handy guide for your reference, please click on the image to view.
What is the treatment for Endometriosis?
There is no cure for endometriosis but some treatments can help manage the condition:
You should discuss the differences in the treatments with your doctor before starting a treatment. There are advantages and disadvantages to all the types of treatments and you may need to have several treatments of different types before finding the right combination for you.
If you have any further questions, you can arrange a nurse chat with one of our fertility nurses. And, for more health and wellness information on how to increase your chances of conception check out other articles on our fertility news page or feel free to download the eBook below.